In the current year Pakistan has received extensive rains and snowfall than normal. This is a state of happiness taking into account the dangerous water situation that existed due to an exceptionally extended dry spell that the country witnessed over last several years. The heavy winter rains and melting of snow water, circumstances have already started to enhance substantially. This improved water situation is likely to gain agriculture as farmers had started to be negatively affected by intense water shortages in many parts of the country. Water condition in dams is anticipated to improve considerably as the snow starts melting and starts expansion Rivers. This would solve the water problem for at the very least the next few years. Excess water in the river system would optimistically mean discharge into Arabian Ocean through Indus Delta. This could stop, provisionally at the minimum, the sea incursion in the southern coastal belt of Sindh. In this current year rains persisted till March which connotes excess destruction to wheat crop, specifically in southern and central parts of Sindh. Monstrous rain in February and March may have destroyed mango crop too as flowering in Sindh starts about this time. Long winters that were witnessed owing to nonstop rains can affect date crop as the date palm performs best in hot and dry climate. In this context the government must work on emergency to develop a national schedule to deal with the effects of climate change on agriculture. There may be a necessity to adapt newer crops and eliminate crops that have been growing for several decades. In the end it is the climates that mostly impose whatever farmers grow and what they do not grow. If the climate changes so should crops also. If tactful planning is done presently the process may be less painful. Nevertheless, if it is stayed till farmers get struck owing to lessened productivity and crop failures because of premature rains and other unpredictable weather patterns therefore the cost will be much higher. Some of the damage may even become unchangeable. A terrible extensive hailstorm, abundant rains, and stormy winds earlier in the week destroyed round about 150,000 tons of standing mature wheat crop in the Punjab province. Mass scale rain and hailstorm were also reported on April 16. The destruction to standing wheat crop has also been estimated due to bending of plants over a huge area.
Wheat has been grown above 16.165 million acres in Punjab during Rabi 2018-19 periods and production goal has been established at 19.5 million tons. Nevertheless, present mature crop of wheat may decline by one at a time 50,000 tons due to negative impact of harsh weather. Painful weather occurrences have been witnessed in Southern and Central Punjab. Heavy rains and hailstorms have damaged wheat crops on thousands of acres in Punjab. Farmers say they confronted losses of several millions and loss could be accelerated if the rains continued in forthcoming days. There are information of death and injuries in rain and thunderstorm related occurrences in a different part of the country. The extensive rains have also damaged varieties crops scattering over thousands of acres in Punjab and Balochistan. The wheat crops are prepared for harvesting in the area but with the present situation worries among the farming is climbing about damages. Abundant rain and hail storms destructed standing wheat and gram crops in Punjab owing to which farmers incurred heavy losses. The farmers are demanding monetary help from the provincial government. The rain combined with thunderstorm also asserted over few dozen lives in the province. Pakistan confronts a dark picture as the government is not anticipated to accomplish the wheat production goal about of 25.51 million tonnes this year primarily owing to prolonged rain in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Only in Punjab the beginning wheat loss has been assumed to be over 200,000 tonnes. In some parts of southern and central Punjab, yellow rust had been reported by the agriculture extension departments due to unusual spells of rains. Rains combined with hail storms had affected the wheat crop in approximately 15 districts. As regards the wheat crop losses, the agriculture department will advise the farmers accordingly so that they could take measures for the protection of crops.
Rain in Balochistan following flood continue to cause chaos on different areas as four more people lost their lives in weather- connected occurrences and many areas have been plunged flash floods. The wild strange weather system has affirmed 50 lives and destroyed more or less 117 houses in various parts of the country over the past few days. Temperatures have declined considerably in the plains of Sindh and Punjab, making weather enjoy cold at night. From various districts in south, central and north-eastern Punjab stated heavy-to-modest rain which moreover damaged the standing wheat crop. Maize crops damaged were particularly exposed because they were close to harvest time. Progressive mango farmer Major Tariq Khan from Multan stated that the mango crop is severely damaged due to excessive rains, hailstorm and thunder storm in all the mango growing districts of south Punjab. The estimates of crop damage are still under readiness. An estimated loss up to 20 percent to mango crop is anticipated.